Rose Nnamdi Rose is an astute crypto writer that loves penning content on cryptos, DeFi and other blockchain-based platforms. I can be reached at [email protected]

Brief Overview Of The BLS Threshold Signature Scheme

2 min read

threshold signature scheme illustrated using three connected devices executing crypto transactions together

Every verified transaction in a blockchain is valid and distributed. Typically, anyone on this distributed network can access public keys, but only the owner of the address should have the private or secret key. The core purpose of threshold signatures is to improve the security and management of secret keys. They are involved in distributed key generation and signing, which goes a long way to improve security.

Though it is a fairly new development, when designing key management schemes, many consider the Threshold Signature Scheme.

How is threshold signature scheme combined with blockchains?

When used in a blockchain, the Threshold Sig can seamlessly be used to generate secret key and signatures by the blockchain client. With this feature, every aspect that is linked to the private or secret keys including their commands uses only distributed computations.

In a traditional system, the public key and the address are linked to the private key. The private key is used to create an address, and it doesn’t stop there. They also compute the public keys.

When utilizing the Threshold Sig, a number of n participants will compute the public key together, with everyone having a hidden part of the private key. As for the public key, it is created in the same way as a conventional system.

A key benefit of this scheme is that the keys are distributed while using the secret-sharing feature.

What is BLS threshold signature?

Threshold BLS Signature is also called the Boneh–Lynn–Shacham Signatures. The aim of this signature is to verify the person that wants to sign into the network. Some key aspects of this scheme are the verification through a bilinear pairing, and the signatures being crucial parts of the elliptic curve group. Being a part of this curve group goes a long way to defend it from attacks that are linked to index calculus while incorporating shorter signatures to offer a high level of security.

The BLS Signature Scheme tends to create a brand of signatures, which are called either BLS short signatures or merely short signatures. Though this type of multi signing scheme is new, it is currently used to improve the performance of some systems. An example is Ethereum 2.0. In 2020, this signature scheme was used to assure that a validator in the system had validated a transaction.

At the moment, BLS keygen may only be used in ETH 2.0 for a short time because its process is not considered to be quantum secure in the long run. For long-term consideration, STARK aggregation is a better alternative to the key generation features offered by the BLS scheme.

What is the link between BLS and Signature aggregation?

It allows users to aggregate different kinds of primitives like public keys, private keys as well as signatures and get a new primitive in the end. Let’s use an example. If there is an aggregation of two signatures that have a similar message hash, a new signature is created, and it is verified with the aggregated public key to see if they are consistent. BLS can also work with complicated systems like polynomial estimation and interpolation.

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Rose Nnamdi Rose is an astute crypto writer that loves penning content on cryptos, DeFi and other blockchain-based platforms. I can be reached at [email protected]